Liuzza dating beowulf
This concerns not only individuals (e.g., Healfdene, Hroðgar, Halga, Hroðulf, Eadgils and Ohthere), but also clans (e.g., Scyldings, Scylfings and Wulfings) and certain events (e.g., the battle between Eadgils and Onela).
The raid by King Hygelac into Frisia is mentioned by Gregory of Tours in his History of the Franks and can be dated to around 521.
Two different scribes copied the poem, most likely using an existing copy.
Between 1066 and the Reformation, the whole volume remained in a monastic library until Sir Robert Cotton gained possession of it for his own extensive library.
A fire consumed much of his library, and the volume containing Beowulf became badly charred.
Today the manuscript still exists, though it is falling apart rapidly due to the charring in the fire.
Victorious, Beowulf goes home to Geatland (Götaland in modern Sweden) and later becomes king of the Geats.
Beowulf directly uses many ancient stories that have been preserved in later texts, such as the legend of Sigemund and the account of the war at Finnesburh.Some words in Beowulf do not adhere to the scansion of Old English verse; however, using the older forms of the words, dating from the period given, causes the lines to scan correctly.Yet accurately dating the poem is a difficult enterprise since the poem has such a derivative quality.The stories in the poem may have been brought to England by people of Geatish origins.Some suggest that Beowulf was first composed in the 7th century at Rendlesham in East Anglia, as the Sutton Hoo ship-burial shows close connections with Scandinavia, and the East Anglian royal dynasty, the Wuffingas, may have been descendants of the Geatish Wulfings.
The single existing copy of the manuscript dates from the late tenth century, although some scholars believe it dates from the first part of the eleventh century.