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Special types of planes are designed to cut joints or decorative mouldings.
Hand planes are generally the combination of a cutting edge, such as a sharpened metal plate, attached to a firm body, that when moved over a wood surface, take up relatively uniform shavings, by nature of the body riding on the 'high spots' in the wood, and also by providing a relatively constant angle to the cutting edge, render the planed surface very smooth.
Histories prior to these examples are not clear although furniture pieces and other woodwork found in Egyptian tombs show surfaces carefully smoothed with some manner of cutting edge or scraping tool.
There are suggestions that the earliest planes were simply wooden blocks fastened to the soles of adzes to effect greater control of the cutting action.
Most planes fall within the categories (by size) of block plane, smoothing plane, and jointing plane.
Specialty planes include the shoulder plane, router plane, bullnose plane, and chisel plane, among others. 7), while a designation, such as 5-1/4 indicates the length of a No.
Conversely, using a smaller plane allows for more localized low or high spots to remain.
Early planes were made from wood with a rectangular slot or mortise cut across the center of the body.Generally all planes are used to flatten, reduce the thickness of, and impart a smooth surface to a rough piece of lumber or timber.Planing is also used to produce horizontal, vertical, or inclined flat surfaces on workpieces usually too large for shaping, where the integrity of the whole requires the same smooth surface.When used for flattening, bench planes with longer soles are preferred for boards with longer longitudinal dimensions.A longer sole registers against a greater portion of the board's face or edge surface which leads to a more consistently flat surface or straighter edge.
A hand plane is a tool for shaping wood using muscle power to force the cutting blade over the wood surface.